THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EL NIÑO AND LA NIÑA PHENOMENA
El Niño and La Niña are two opposite phases of the ENSO cycle, which is a natural climate pattern that occurs in the tropical Pacific Ocean.
During El Niño, sea surface temperatures in the eastern Pacific are higher than usual, whereas during La Niña, they are lower than average.
El Niño and La Niña have significant impacts on global weather patterns, including droughts, floods, and hurricanes.
El Niño causes wetter-than-average conditions in the western Pacific and drier conditions in the eastern Pacific. La Niña has the opposite impact.
El Niño and La Niña can also affect ocean currents, marine ecosystems, and fisheries.
Scientists monitor and anticipate El Niño and La Niña using satellite data, ocean buoys, and computer models.